2000 International Building Code

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Updated means of egress and interior finish requirements, comprehensive roof provisions, seismic engineering provisions, innovative construction technology, revamped structural provisions, reorganized occupancy classifications and the latest industry standards in material design.

Weight 3.5600
ISBN 1-892395-25-8
Page Count 756
Publisher ICBO
Dimensions 8-1/2 x 11

Updated means of egress and interior finish requirements, comprehensive roof provisions, seismic engineering provisions, innovative construction technology, revamped structural provisions, reorganized occupancy classifications and the latest industry standards in material design. Published by I.C.B.O.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Administration, 1
101 General, 1
102 Applicability, 1
103 Department of Building Safety, 2
104 Duties and Powers of Building Official, 2
105 Permits, 3
106 Construction Documents, 5
107 Temporary Structures and Uses, 7
108 Fees, 7
109 Inspections, 8
110 Certificate of Occupancy, 9
111 Service Utilities, 9
112 Board of Appeals, 9
113 Violations, 10
114 Stop Work Order, 10
115 Unsafe Structures and Equipment, 10
Chapter 2 Definitions, 11
201 General, 11
202 Definitions, 11
Chapter 3 Use And Occupancy Classification, 23
301 General, 23
302 Classification, 23
303 Assembly Group A, 26
304 Business Group B, 26
305 Educational Group E, 26
306 Factory Group F, 27
307 High-Hazard Group H, 27
308 Institutional Group I, 33
309 Mercantile Group M, 36
310 Residential Group R, 36
311 Storage Group S, 37
312 Utility and Miscellaneous Group U, 38
Chapter 4 Special Detailed Requirements Based On Use And Occupancy, 39
401 Scope, 39
402 Covered Mall Buildings, 39
403 High-Rise Buildings, 42
404 Atriums, 43
405 Underground Buildings, 44
406 Motor-Vehicle-Related Occupancies, 45
407 Group I-2, 49
408 Group I-3, 51
409 Motion Picture Projection Rooms, 53
410 Stages and Platforms, 53
411 Special Amusement Buildings, 56
412 Aircraft-Related Occupancies, 56
413 Combustible Storage, 59
414 Hazardous Materials, 59
415 Groups H-1, H-2, H-3, H-4 and H-5, 63
416 Application of Flammable Finishes, 78
417 Drying Rooms, 78
418 Organic Coatings, 78
Chapter 5 General Building Heights And Areas, 79
501 General, 79
502 Definitions, 79
503 General Height and Area Limitations, 79
504 Height Modifications, 81
505 Mezzanines, 82
506 Area Modifications, 83
507 Unlimited Area Buildings, 83
508 Special Provisions, 84
Chapter 6 Types Of Construction, 87
601 General, 87
602 Construction Classification, 87
603 Combustible Material in Types I and II Construction, 88
Chapter 7 Fire-Resistance-Rated Construction, 91
701 General, 91
702 Definitions, 91
703 Fire Resistance Ratings and Fire Tests, 92
704 Exterior Walls, 93
705 Fire Wars, 97
706 Fire Barriers, 100
707 Shaft and Vertical Exit Enclosures, 100
708 Fire Partitions, 103
709 Smoke Barriers, 104
710 Horizontal Assemblies, 104
711 Penetrations, 105
712 Fire-Resistant Joint Systems, 107
713 Fire-Resistance Rating of Structural Members, 108
714 Opening Protectives, 109
715 Ducts and Air Transfer Openings, 112
716 Concealed Spaces, 115
717 Fire-Resistance Requirements For Plaster, 717
718 Thermal- and Sound-Insulating Materials, 117
719 Prescriptive Fire Resistance, 118
720 Calculated Fire Resistance 140
Chapter 8 Interior Finishes, 171
801 General, 171
802 Definitions, 171
803 Wall and Ceiling Finishes, 171
804 Interior Floor Finish, 174
805 Decorations and Trim, 175
Chapter 9 Fire Protection Systems, 177
901 General, 177
902 Definitions, 177
903 Automatic Sprinkler Systems, 180
904 Alternative Automatic Fire-Extinguishing Systems, 185
905 Standpipe Systems, 187
906 Portable Fire Extinguishers, 189
907 Fire Alarm and Detection Systems, 189
908 Emergency Alarm Systems, 198
909 Smoke Control Systems, 199
910 Smoke and Heat Vents, 208
911 Fire Command Center, 210
Chapter 10 Means Of Egress, 211
1001 Administration, 211
1002 Definitions, 211
1003 General Means of Egress, 212
1004 Exit Access, 230
1005 Exits, 235
1006 Exit, Discharge, 239
1007 Miscellaneous Means of Egress Requirements, 241
1008 Assembly, 241
1009 Emergency Escape and Rescue, 246
Chapter 11 Accessibility, 249
1101 General, 249
1102 Definitions, 249
1103 Scoping Requirements 249
1104 Accessible Route, 250
1105 Accessible Entrances, 251
1106 Parking and Passenger Loading Facilities, 251
1107 Special Occupancies, 251
1108 Other Features and Facilities, 255
1109 Signage, 257
Chapter 12 Interior Environment, 259
1201 General, 259
1202 Ventilation, 259
1203 Temperature Control, 260
1204 Lighting, 260
1205 Yards or Courts, 261
1206 Sound Transmission, 261
1207 Interior Space Dimensions, 261
1208 Access To Unoccupied Spaces, 262
1209 Surrounding Materials, 262
Chapter 13 Energy Efficiency, 263
1301 General, 263
Chapter 14 Exterior Walls, 265
1401 General, 265
1402 Definitions, 265
1403 Performance Requirements, 265
1404 Materials, 266
1405 Installation of Wall Coverings, 266
1406 Combustible Materials on the Exterior Side of Exterior Walls, 270
1407 Aluminum Composite Materials (ACM), 272
Chapter 15 Roof Assemblies And Rooftop structures, 275
1501 General, 275
1502 Definitions, 275
1503 Weather Protection, 276
1504 Performance Requirements, 276
1505 Fire Classification, 276
1506 Materials, 277
1507 Requirements for Roof Coverings, 277
1508 Roof Insulation, 288
1509 Rooftop Structures, 288
1510 Reroofing, 290
Chapter 16 Structural Design, 291
1601 General, 291
1602 Definitions, 291
1603 Construction Documents, 294
1604 General Design Requirements, 295
1605 Load Combinations, 296
1606 Dead Loads, 299
1607 Live Loads, 299
1608 Snow Loads, 304
1609 Wind Loads, 305
1610 Soil Lateral Load, 312
1611 Rain Loads, 313
1612 Flood Loads, 313
1613 Earthquake Loads Definitions, 329
1614 Earthquake Loads-General, 330
1615 Earthquake Loads-Site Ground Motion, 331
1616 Earthquake Loads-Criteria Selection, 354
1617 Earthquake Loads-Minimum Design Lateral Force and Related Effects, 357
1618 Dynamic Analysis Procedure for the Seismic Design of Buildings, 369
1619 Earthquake Loads Soil-Structure Interaction Effects, 372
1620 Earthquake Loads-Design, Detailing Requirements and Structural Component Load Effects, 372
1621 Architectural, Mechanical and Electrical Component Seismic Design Requirements, 375
1622 Nonbuilding Structures Seismic Design Requirements, 386
1623 Seismically Isolated Structures, 392
Chapter 17 Structural Tests And Special Inspections, 405
1701 General, 405
1702 Definitions, 405
1703 Approvals, 406
1704 Special Inspections, 407
1705 Quality Assurance for Seismic Resistance, 414
1706 Quality Assurance for Wind Requirements, 415
1707 Special Inspections for Seismic Resistance, 416
1708 Structural Testing for Seismic Resistance, 417
1709 Structural Observations, 418
1710 Design Strengths of Materials, 419
1711 Alternative Test Procedure, 419
1712 Test Safe Load, 419
1713 In-Situ Load Tests, 419
1714 Preconstruction Load Tests, 420
1715 Material and Test Standards, 421
Chapter 18 Is Soil And Foundations, 423
1801 General, 423
1802 Foundation and Soils Investigations, 423
1803 Excavation, Grading and Fill, 424
1804 Allowable Load-Bearing Values of Soils, 425
1805 Footings and Foundations, 425
1806 Dampproofing and Waterproofing, 434
1807 Pier and Pile Foundations, 436
1808 Driven Pile Foundations, 441
1809 Cast-in-Place Concrete Pile Foundations, 444
1810 Composite Piles, 448
1811 Pier Foundations, 448
Chapter 19 Concrete, 451
1901 General, 451
1902 Definitions, 451
1903 Specifications for Tests and Materials, 452
1904 Durability Requirements, 453
1905 Concrete Quality, Mixing and Placing, 455
1906 Formwork, Embedded Pipes and Construction Joints, 460
1907 Details of Reinforcement, 461
1908 Modifications to ACT 318, 463
1909 Structural Plain Concrete, 466
1910 Seismic Design Provisions, 467
1911 Minimum Slab Provisions, 468
1912 Anchorage to Concrete-Allowable Stress Design, 469
1913 Anchorage to Concrete-Strength Design, 470
1914 Shotcrete, 477
1915 Reinforced Gypsum Concrete, 479
1916 Concrete-Filled Pipe Columns, 479
Chapter 20 Aluminum, 481
2001 General, 481
2002 Materials, 481
Chapter 21 Masonry, 483
2101 General, 483
2102 Definitions and Notations, 483
2103 Masonry Construction Materials, 488
2104 Construction, 491
2105 Quality Assurance, 493
2106 Seismic Design, 495
2107 Working Stress Design, 498
2108 Strength Design of Masonry, 499
2109 Empirical Design of Masonry, 515
2110 Glass Unit Masonry, 522
2111 Masonry Fireplaces, 523
2112 Masonry Heaters, 528
2113 Masonry Chimneys, 528
Chapter 22 Steel, 533
2201 General, 533
2202 Definitions and Nomenclature, 533
2203 Identification and Protection of Steel for Structures, 533
2204 Structural Steel Construction, 533
2205 Cold-Formed Steel, 533
2206 Steel Joists, 533
2207 Steel Cable Structures, 534
2208 Welding, 534
2209 Bolting, 534
2210 Steel Storage Racks, 534
2211 Wind and Seismic Requirements for Light Framed Cold-Formed Steel Walls, 534
2212 Seismic Requirements for Structural Steel Construction, 536
2213 Seismic Requirements for Composite Construction, 536
Chapter 23 Wood, 539
2301 General, 539
2302 Definitions, 539
2303 Minimum Standards and Quality, 541
2304 General Construction Requirements, 543
2305 General Design Requirements for Lateral-Force-Resisting Systems, 552
2306 Allowable Stress Design, 559
2307 Load and Resistance Factor Design, 568
2308 Conventional Light-Frame Construction, 568
Chapter 24 Glass and Glazing, 601
2401 General, 601
2402 Definitions, 601
2403 General Requirements for Glass, 601
2404 Wind, Snow and Dead Loads on Glass, 601
2405 Sloped Glazing and Skylights, 603
2406 Safety Glazing, 616
2407 Glass in Handrails and Guards, 618
2408 Glazing in Athletic Facilities, 618
2409 Glass in Floors and Sidewalks, 618
Chapter 25 Gypsum Board And Plaster, 621
2501 General, 621
2502 Definitions, 621
2503 Inspection, 621
2504 Vertical and Horizontal Assemblies, 621
2505 Shear Wall Construction, 622
2506 Gypsum Board Materials, 622
2507 Lathing and Plastering, 622
2508 Gypsum Construction, 623
2509 Gypsum Board in Showers and Water Closets, 623
2510 Lathing and Furring for Cement Plaster (Stucco) 623
2511 Interior Plaster, 624
2512 Exterior Plaster, 625
2513 Exposed Aggregate Plaster, 625
Chapter 26 Plastic, 627
2601 General, 627
2602 Definitions, 627
2603 Foam Plastic Insulation, 627
2604 Interior Finish and Trim, 630
2605 Plastic Veneer, 630
2606 Light-Transmitting Plastics, 631
2607 Light-Transmitting Plastic Wall Panels, 632
2608 Light-Transmitting Plastic Glazing, 633
2609 Light-Transmitting Plastic Roof Panels, 633
2610 Light-Transmitting Plastic Skylight Glazing, 634
2611 Light-Transmitting Plastic Interior Signs, 635
Chapter 27 Electrical, 637
2701 General, 637
2702 Emergency and Standby Power Systems, 637
Chapter 28 Mechanical Systems, 639
2801 General, 639
Chapter 29 Plumbing Systems, 641
2901 General, 641
2902 Minimum Plumbing Facilities, 641
Chapter 30 Elevators And Conveying Systems, 645
3001 General, 645
3002 Hoistway Enclosures, 645
3003 Emergency Operations, 645
3004 Hoistway Venting, 646
3005 Conveying Systems, 646
3006 Machine Rooms, 647
Chapter 31 Special Construction, 649
3101 General, 649
3102 Membrane Structures, 649
3103 Temporary Structures, 650
3104 Pedestrian Walkways and Tunnels, 651
3105 Awnings and Canopies, 652
3106 Marquees, 652
3107 Signs, 652
3108 Radio and Television Towers, 652
3109 Swimming Pool Enclosures, 653
Chapter 32 Encroachments Into The Public Right-Of-Way, 655
3201 General, 655
3202 Encroachments, 655
Chapter 33 Safeguards During Construction, 657
3301 General, 657
3302 Construction Safeguards, 657
3303 Demolition, 657
3304 Site Work, 657
3305 Sanitary, 658
3306 Protection of Pedestrians, 658
3307 Protection of Adjoining Property, 659
3308 Temporary Use of Streets, Alleys and Public Property, 659
3309 Fire Extinguishers, 659
3310 Exits, 660
3311 Standpipes, 660
3312 Automatic Sprinkler System, 660
Chapter 34 Existing Structures, 661
3401 General, 661
3402 Additions, Alterations or Repairs, 661
3403 Fire Escapes, 661
3404 Glass Replacement, 662
3405 Change of Occupancy, 662
3406 Historic Buildings, 662
3407 Moved Structures, 662
3408 Accessibility for Existing Buildings, 662
3409 Compliance Alternatives, 664
Chapter 35 Referenced Standards, 675
Appendix A Employee Qualifications,699
A101 Building Official Qualifications, 699
A102 Referenced Standards, 699
Appendix B Board Of Appeals, 701
B101 General, 701
Appendix C Group U-Agricultural Buildings, 703
C101 General, 703
C102 Allowable Height and Area, 703
C103 Mixed Uses, 703
C104 Exits, 703
Appendix D Fire Districts, 705
D101 General, 705
D102 Building Restrictions, 705
D103 Changes to Buildings, 706
D104 Buildings Located Partially in the Fire District, 706
D105 Exceptions to Restrictions in Fire District, 706
D106 Referenced Standards, 707
Appendix E Supplementary Accessibility Requirements, 709
E101 General, 709
E102 Definitions, 709
E103 Accessible Route, 709
E104 Special Occupancies, 709
E105 Other Features and Facilities, 710
E106 Telephones, 710
E107 Signage, 711
E108 Bus Stops and Terminals, 711
E109 Fired Transportation Facilities and Stations, 712
E110 Airports, 713
E111 Referenced Standards, 714
Appendix F Rodent Proofing, 715
F101 General, 715
Appendix G Flood Resistant Construction, 717
G101 Administration, 717
G102 Applicability, 717
G103 Powers and Duties, 717
G104 Permits, 718
G105 Variances, 719
G201 Definitions, 719
G301 Subdivisions, 720
G401 Site Improvements, 720
G501 Manufactured Homes, 721
G601 Recreational Vehicles, 721
G701 Referenced Standards, 721
Appendix H Signs, 723
H101 General, 723
H102 Definitions, 723
H103 Location, 723
H104 Identification, 723
H105 Design and Construction, 724
H106 Electrical, 724
H107 Combustible Materials, 724
H108 Animated Devices, 725
H109 Ground Signs, 725
H110 Roof Signs, 725
H111 Wall Signs, 725
H112 Projecting Signs, 725
H113 Marquee Signs, 726
H114 Portable Signs, 726
H115 Referenced Standards, 727
Appendix I Patio Covers, 729
I102 General, 729
I102 Definitions, 729
I103 Exterior Openings, 729
I104 Structural Provisions, 729
Appendix J Supplementary Accessibility Requirements For Qualified Historic Buildings And Facilities, 731
J101 Accessibility Provisions, 731
J102 Referenced Standards, 731
Index, 733

Chapter 1
Administration

SECTION 101 - GENERAL

101.1 Title. These regulations shall be known as the Building Code of [Name Of Jurisdiction], hereinafter referred to as "this code."

101.2 Scope. The provisions of the International Building Code shall apply to the construction, alteration, movement, enlargement, replacement, repair, equipment, use and occupancy, location, maintenance, removal and demolition of every building or structure or any appurtenances connected or attached to such buildings or structures.

Exception: Detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories high with separate means of egress and their accessory structures shall comply with the
.

101.2.1 Appendices. Provisions in the appendices shall not apply unless specifically adopted.

101.3 Intent. The purpose of this code is to establish the minimum requirements to safeguard the public health, safety and general welfare through structural strength, means of egress facilities, stability, sanitation, adequate light and ventilation, energy conservation, and safety to life and property from fire and other hazards attributed to the built environment.

101.4 Referenced codes. The other codes listed in Sections 101.4.1 through 101.4.7 and referenced elsewhere in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference.

101.4.1 Electrical. The provisions of the ICC Electrical Code shall apply to the installation of electrical systems, including alterations, repairs, replacement, equipment, appliances, fixtures, fittings and appurtenances thereto.

101.4.2 Gas. The provisions of the International Fuel Gas Code shall apply to the installation of gas piping from the point of delivery, gas appliances and related accessories as covered in this code. These requirements apply to gas piping systems extending from the point of delivery to the inlet connections of appliances and the installation and operation of residential and commercial gas appliances and related accessories.

101.4.3 Mechanical. The provisions of the International Mechanical Code shall apply to the installation, alterations, repairs, and replacement of mechanical systems, including equipment, appliances, fixtures, fittings and/or appurtenances, including ventilating, heating, cooling, air-conditioning and refrigeration systems, incinerators, and other energy-related systems.

101.4.4 Plumbing. The provisions of the International Plumbing Code shall apply to the installation, alterations, repairs and replacement of plumbing systems, including equipment, appliances, fixtures, fittings and appurtenances, and where connected to a water or sewage system and all aspects of a medical gas system. The provisions of the International Private Sewage Disposal Code shall apply to private sewage disposal systems.

101.4.5 Property maintenance. The provisions of the International Property Maintenance Code shall apply to existing structures and premises; equipment and facilities; light, ventilation, space heating, sanitation, life and fire safety, hazards; responsibilities of owners, operators and occupants; and occupancy of existing premises and structures.

101.4.6 Fire prevention.

The provisions of the International Fire Code shall apply to matters affecting or relating to structures, processes and premises from the hazard of fire and explosion arising from the storage, handling or use of structures, materials or devices; from conditions hazardous to life, property or public welfare in the occupancy of structures or premises; and from the construction, extension, repair, alteration or removal of fire suppression and alarm systems or fire hazards in the structure or on the premises from occupancy or operation.

101.4.7 Energy. The provisions of the International Energy Conservation Code shall apply to all matters governing the design and construction of buildings for energy efficiency.

SECTION 102 - APPLICABILITY

102.1 General. Where, in any specific case, different sections of this code specify different materials, methods of construction or other requirements, the most restrictive shall govern. Where there is a conflict between a general requirement and a specific requirement, the specific requirement shall be applicable.

102.2 Other laws. The provisions of this code shall not be deemed to nullify any provisions of local, state or federal law.

102.3 Application of references. References to chapter or section numbers, or to provisions not specifically identified by number, shall be construed to refer to such chapter, section or provision of this code.

102.4 Referenced codes and standards. The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference. Where differences occur between provisions of this code and referenced codes and standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.

102.5 Partial invalidity. In the event any part or provision of this code is held to be illegal or void, this shall not have the effect of making void or illegal any of the other parts or provisions.

102.6 Existing structures. The legal occupancy of any structure existing on the date of adoption of this code shall be permitted to continue without change, except as is specifically covered in this code, the International Property Maintenance Code or the International Fire Code, or as is deemed necessary by the building official for the general safety and welfare of the occupants and the public.

SECTION 103 - DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING SAFETY

103.1 Creation of enforcement agency. The department of building safety is hereby created and the official in charge thereof shall be known as the building official.

103.2 Appointment. The building official shall be appointed by the chief appointing authority of the jurisdiction.

103.3 Deputies. In accordance with the prescribed procedures of this jurisdiction and with the concurrence of the appointing authority, the building official shall have the authority to appoint a deputy building official, the related technical officers, inspectors, plan examiners and other employees. Such employees shall have powers as delegated by the building official. For the maintenance of existing properties, see the International Property Maintenance Code.

SECTION 104 - DUTIES AND POWERS OF BUILDING OFFICIAL

104.1 General. The building official is hereby authorized and directed to enforce the provisions of this code. The building official shall have the authority to render interpretations of this code and to adopt policies and procedures in order to clarify the application of its provisions. Such interpretations, policies and procedures shall be in compliance with the intent and purpose of this code. Such policies and procedures shall not have the effect of waiving requirements specifically provided for in this code.

104.2 Applications and permits. The building official shall receive applications, review construction documents and issue permits for the erection, and alteration, demolition and moving of buildings and structures, inspect the premises for which such permits have been issued and enforce compliance with the provisions of this code.

104.3 Notices and orders. The building official shall issue all necessary notices or orders to ensure compliance with this code.

104.4 Inspections. The building official shall make all of the required inspections, or the building official shall have the authority to accept reports of inspection by approved agencies or individuals. Reports of such inspections shall be in writing and be certified by a responsible officer of such approved agency or by the responsible individual. The building official is authorized to engage such expert opinion as deemed necessary to report upon unusual technical issues that arise, subject to the approval of the appointing authority.

104.5 Identification. The building official shall carry proper identification when inspecting structures or premises in the performance of duties under this code.

104.6 Right of entry. Where it is necessary to make an inspection to enforce the provisions of this code, or where the building official has reasonable cause to believe that there exists in a structure or upon a premises a condition which is contrary to or in violation of this code which makes the structure or premises unsafe, dangerous or hazardous, the building official is authorized to enter the structure or premises at reasonable times to inspect or to perform the duties imposed by this code, provided that if such structure or premises be occupied that credentials be presented to the occupant and entry requested. If such structure or premises be unoccupied, the building official shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of the structure or premises and request entry. If entry is refused, the building official shall have recourse to the remedies provided by law to secure entry.

104.7 Department records. The building official shall keep official records of applications received, permits and certificates issued, fees collected, reports of inspections, and notices and orders issued. Such records shall be retained in the official records for the period required for retention of public records.

Introduction

Internationally, code officials recognize the need for a modern, up-to-date building code addressing the design and installation of building systems through requirements emphasizing performance. The International Building Code is designed to meet these needs through model code regulations that safeguard the public health and safety in all communities, large and small.

This comprehensive building code establishes minimum regulations for building systems using prescriptive and performance-related provisions. It is founded on broad-based principles that make possible the use of new materials and new building designs. Additionally, the International Building Code is designed to be compatible with the entire family of International Codes published by the International Code Council.

The International Building Code provisions provide many benefits, among which is the model code development process that offers an international forum for building professionals to discuss performance and prescriptive code requirements. This forum provides an excellent arena to debate proposed revisions. This model code also encourages international consistency in the application of provisions.

Development

The first draft of the International Building Code was prepared in 1997 by five drafting subcommittees appointed by the International Code Council (ICC) and consisting of representatives of BOCA, ICBO, and SBCCI. The intent was to draft a comprehensive set of regulations for building systems consistent with and inclusive of the scope of the existing model codes.

Technical content of the latest model codes promulgated by BOCA, ICBO and SBCCI and reports issued by the Board for the Coordination of Model Codes (BCMC) was utilized as the basis for the development of this document. While there were a great many similarities among the codes, careful consideration was given to identified differences. The committees followed certain principles as guidance in the resolution of the technical differences. The principles were based on the intent to establish provisions consistent with the scope of a building code that adequately protects public health, safety and welfare; provisions that do not unnecessarily increase construction costs; provisions that do not restrict the use of new materials, productions or methods of construction; and provisions that do not give preferential treatment to particular types or classes of materials, products or methods of construction.

In order to gain views of code users, industries and all other interested parties, a public comment forum was conducted and comments on the full content of the working draft were accepted. The drafting committees considered all comments submitted in writing in advance of a 1997 public comment forum. A public hearing was held in 1998 and two public hearings were held in 1999. Five technical subcommittees considered all written comments submitted in advance of the hearings. In addition to the changes made at the public comment forum and the three public hearings, other editorial changes have been made for consistency and correlation purposes.

Letter Designations in Front of Section Numbers

In each code development cycle, proposed changes to this code are considered at the First Public Hearing by the International Building Code Development Committee, whose action constitutes a recommendation to the voting membership for final action on the proposed change. Proposed changes to a code section whose number begins with a letter in brackets are considered by a different code development committee. For instance, proposed changes to code sections which have the letter [F] in front (e.g., [F] 1001.3), are considered by the International Fire Code Development Committee at the First Public Hearing. Where this designation is applicable to the entire content of a main section of the code, the designation appears at the main section number and title and is not repeated at every subsection in that section.

The content of sections in this code which begin with a letter designation are maintained by another code development committee in accordance with the following: [F] = International Fire Code Development Committee; [M] = International Mechanical Code Development Committee; [PM] = International Property Maintenance Code Development Committee; [P] = International Plumbing Code Development Committee; [RBE] = International Residential Code Building and Energy Development Committee; [RMPI = International Residential Code Mechanical/Plumbing Development Committee; [E] = International Energy Conservation Code Development Committee; and [EL] = ICC Electrical Code Development Committee.

Adoption

The International Building Code is available for adoption and use by jurisdictions internationally. Its use within a governmental jurisdiction is intended to be accomplished through adoption by reference in accordance with proceedings establishing the jurisdiction's laws. At the time of adoption, jurisdictions should insert the appropriate information in provisions requiring specific local information, such as the name of the adopting jurisdiction. These locations are shown in bracketed words in small capital letters in the code and in the sample ordinance. The sample adoption ordinance on page v addresses several key elements of a code adoption ordinance, including the information required for insertion into the code text.

Maintenance

The International Building Code is kept up to date through the review of proposed changes submitted by code enforcing officials, industry representatives, design professionals and other interested parties. Proposed changes are carefully considered through an open code development process in which all interested and affected parties may participate.

The contents of this work are subject to change both through the Code Development Cycles and the governmental body that enacts the code into law. For more information regarding the code development process, contact: BOCA, ICBO or SBCCI.

While the development procedure of the International Building Code assures the highest degree of care, BOCA, ICBO, SBCCI, their members and those participating in the development of this code do not accept any liability resulting from compliance or noncompliance with the provisions because BOCA, ICBO and SBCCI do not have the power or authority to police or enforce compliance with the contents of this code. Only the governmental body that enacts the code into law has such authority