Builder's Guide to Swimming Pool Construction

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$49.95

Break into the lucrative swimming pool construction business with this practical how-to guide. Here you'll learn how to get the permits and do the surveying, planning and layout for a typical pool, including how to read a soils report. You'll read about the excavation, backfill, soil compaction, sand and gravel bedding and drainage requirements, and mechanical systems such as pumps, heaters, filters, skimmers, and solar systems.



Weight 1.3200
ISBN 1-889892-50-5
Page Count 240
Author Max Schwartz
Publisher Builder's Book, Inc.
Dimensions 8-1/2 x 11

Break into the lucrative swimming pool construction business with this practical how-to guide. Here you'll learn how to get the permits and do the surveying, planning and layout for a typical pool, including how to read a soils report. You'll read about the excavation, backfill, soil compaction, sand and gravel bedding and drainage requirements, and mechanical systems such as pumps, heaters, filters, skimmers, and solar systems.

Covers underground piping, including drain, supply, and gas; and electrical work, including grounding and supply to breaker, pump, underwater lighting, and heater. Shows wood and pre-fabricated metal forms for walls, steps, spas, equipment base and diving board base, and how to install bar and mesh steel reinforcement. Covers cast-in-place and sprayed concrete, and modern pool finishes available.

Includes scheduling, and a section on estimating labor, material and equipment costs.

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Contents

Planning and Layout, 1

Introduction, 1

The Swimming Pool Contractor, 12

Responsible Parties, 14

Scheduling, 16

Pool Activity List, 17

Surveying, 21

Surveying, 21

Setting Survey Stakes, 28

Layout Position, 30

Laser Surveying System, 30

Aboveground Pools, 30

Earthwork, 35

Soil Classification, 35

Masonry Retaining Walls, 37

Piping, 43

Piping Guidelines, 43

Main Drain, 46

Makeup Line, 47

Resistance in Pipes, 48

Brass and Copper Pipes, 49

Copper Tubing, 50

Plastic Pipe, 50

Valving, 51

Forming, 53

Forming, 53

Reinforcement, 57

Reinforcement, 57

Placing Steel, 60

Concrete, 63

Foundations - Generally, 63

Support of Adjacent Buildings and Structures, 69

Concrete Materials, 72

Mixing, Placing, and Curing Concrete, 81

Concrete Tests, 91

About Gunite, 92

Defects in Concrete Construction, 95

Checklist for Concrete, 98

Pool Finishing, 103

Plastering, 103

Pool Plaster, 104

Vinyl Pools, 106

Vinyl Liner Pools, 108

Fiberglass Pools, 111

Deck Finishing, 115

Pool Decks, 115

Mechanical, 117

Pumps, 117

Heaters, 121

Heating the Pool, 122

Solar Panel Heating System, 129

Filters, 131

Equipment Installation, 133

Electrical, 135

Guide Lines for Electrical Work, 135

Wiring Methods, 136

Electrical Connections, 136

Pool Lights, 138

Underwater Lights, 139

Bonding, 140

Pool Accessories, 145

Fence Requirements, 145

Specifications for Masonry Fences, 147

Diving Boards, 147

Slides, 148

Ladders, 149

Pool Failures, 151

APPENDICES

Swimming Pool Details, A-1

Before You Dive Into Swimming Pool Construction (Consumer Guide), B-1

Swimming Pool Inspection forms, C-l

Swimming Pool Construction forms, D-l

References / Bibliography, E-l

Glossary, F-l

Index, INDEX-l


Chapter 1

Planning and Layout


Introduction
The Swimming Pool Contractor
Responsible Parties
Scheduling
Pool Activity List

INTRODUCTION

This book is written for the Builder of Swimming Pools. The chapters and contents are generally arranged in order of construction, rather than as major subjects. This book starts out with the layout of the pool and ends with clearing of the site and filling the pool with water. Also, the contents of this book follow that of a typical job schedule as illustrated by a Bar Chart or a CPM (Critical Path Method) diagram.

The general size, shape, and location of the pool are shown on the Approved Plans and Specifications. An architect/engineer, a landscape architect or a pool designer retained by the Owner usually prepares these.

The builder's job is simply to locate the pool on the site, build it according to plans, specification and all governing regulations. This book describes the "nuts and bolts" of doing the job.

The general sequence of work usually is:

1: PLANNING AND LAYOUT

Typical pools
Pool Plans and Specification
Building Permit
Longitudinal and Cross Section of Pool
Topography
Construction Surveying
Staking for excavation
Soil test and report
Soil type: clay, loam, silt, fills
Water table: depth
Bedrock: depth
Site drainage

2: EARTHWORK
Excavation
Backfill
Compaction
Haul way

3: SAND AND GRAVEL BEDDING
Under pool
Under deck
Outside of pool walls

4: UNDERGROUND PIPING

Drain to pump piping
Skimmer to pump piping
Pump to Filter piping
Pump to Heater piping
Water supply to pool piping
Return to pool piping
Gas to Heater piping
Type of water and drainpipes
Type of gas piping

5: UNDERGROUND ELECTRICAL
Underground Conduits
Supply to Breaker
Supply to Pump
Supply to Underwater Lighting
Supply to Heater Receptacles
Grounding
Ground Fault Circuit
Bonding

6: FORMING
Wood wall forms
Prefabricated metal wall forms
Steps
Spa
Equipment base
Diving board base

7: CONCRETE REINFORCING
Steel bars II Steel mesh

8: CONCRETE
Cast-in-Place concrete
Sprayed concrete, Gunite
Pool shell
Bond beam
Deck
Equipment base
Diving board base
Skimmer
Spa

9: POOL FINISHING
Pool plastering
Pool painting
Exposed Aggregate
Tile Splash
Pool Coping

10: DECK FINISHING
Ceramic tile
Exposed aggregate
Clay tile

11: MECHANICAL
Pump, gpm, HP
Heater, capacity
Gas: Btuh
Electric: watts
Filter: type
Skimmer
Solar Heating

12: POOL ACCESSORIES
Handrail
Diving board
Ladder
Fencing

13: ESTIMATING
Labor cost per hour
Journeyman
Laborers
Overhead and profit
Equipment cost: per hour, day, week
Material cost: per cy, sf, ft, lb.
Sand, gravel
Concrete
Steel reinforcing
Steel pipe
PVC pipe
Electric tubing

14: MISCELLANEOUS

BUILDER'S GUIDE TO SWIMMING POOL CONSTRUCTION

Layout and Surveying
Earthwork and Excavation
Piping
Concrete Forms and Reinforcement
Concrete Materials, Sprayed Concrete, Concrete Tests
Pool Finishing/Plastering
Pool Decks
Pumps, Filters and Heaters (Incl. Solar Heating)
Electrical wiring, lighting and bonding
Fences
Diving Boards, Slides and Ladders
What causes Pools to fall
PLUS...
25+ Swimming Pool Details
Pool Inspection Form samples
Construction Contract samples
Glossary and Index
 

CD-ROM includes the full book, PLUS an exclusive collection of more than 25 Swimming Pool Construction Details

CD-ROM requires the FREE Adobe Reader (Acrobat) (not included), available for download from www.adobe.com. Printing has been disabled for the full book on CD-ROM. Printing is available on the separate Swimming Pool Details file.

Published and Distributed by Builder's Book, Inc.
1-800-273-7375 / www.buildersbook.com