Home Inspection Checklists

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Here are 111 illustrated checklists and worksheets to help you conduct home inspections for roofs, roof mounted structures, paved areas around the structure; walls, windows and doors; landscaping, garages, wood-destroying insects, and rot; attics, interior rooms, crawl spaces, basements, electrical systems, heating systems, plumbing systems, air conditioning systems, swimming pools, and even environmental concerns.

Weight 0.6000
ISBN 0-07-142304-4
Page Count 290
Author Norman Becker, P.E.
Publisher McGraw Hill
Dimensions 8 x 10

Here are 111 illustrated checklists and worksheets to help you conduct home inspections for roofs, roof mounted structures, paved areas around the structure; walls, windows and doors; landscaping, garages, wood-destroying insects, and rot; attics, interior rooms, crawl spaces, basements, electrical systems, heating systems, plumbing systems, air conditioning systems, swimming pools, and even environmental concerns.

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1
ROOFS



Every roof has two basic elements: the deck and the weather-resistant covering. A proper roof inspection includes an evaluation of both. You can check the condition of the roof deck during your attic inspection. The use of binoculars is recommended for a pitched roof inspection. Try to look at all the roof slopes, especially the southerly and southwesterly exposures. Those slopes. get the maximum sun, which accelerates the aging of the roof covering.


CHECKPOINTS

CONTENTS

Introduction, v
Exterior
1Roofs, 1
2Roof-Mounted Structures and Projections, 9
3Paved Areas around the Structure, 21
4Walls, Windows, and Doors, 27
5Lot and Landscaping, 37
6Garage, 47
7Wood-Destroying Insects and Rot, 55
Interior
8Attic, 65
9Interior Rooms, 73
10Basement and Crawl Space, 83
Electromechanicals
11Electrical System, 93
12Plumbing, 99
13Heating System, 109
14Domestic Hot Water, 117
15Air-Conditioning, 121
16Swimming Pool, 127
Others
17Environmental Concerns, 131
Glossary, 135

HOUSE
#1 #2 #3 PITCHED ROOFS
Visually inspect all portions (slopes) of the roof
Are there any sagging, uneven, damaged, or patched sections?
Yes _____ No _____ The cause for sagging and uneven sections can be checked during the attic inpection.
Is the area directly below the roof deck ventilated? Yes _____ No _____
Look for gable vents, roof vents, or soffit and ridge vents. The lack of ventilation can cause the roof deck to delaminate.
Are there any overhanging tree limbs or branches that can cause damage to the roof structure as well as the roof covering? Yes _____ No _____
Is the roof in need of a cleaning to remove debris? Yes _____ No _____
A buildup of leaves, seed pods, pine needles, and twigs can impede the runoff of rainwater, resulting in leaks.
Asphalt shingles

Look for curling _____, cracked _____, torn _____, or missing _____ shingles. Figure 1-1 If any are noted, repair or replacement is needed.
Are shingles losing their stone granules? Yes _____ No _____ If so, it is a sign of aging.
Look for eroded sections in the slots between the shingle tabs. Eroded sections are a path for leakage. Do you see any? Yes _____ No _____
Pay particular attention to slopes with a southerly or southwesterly exposure. Is there a difference between the shingles on the northerly and southerly exposures? Yes _____ No _____ The shingles on the southerly exposures normally deteriorate more rapidly than the shingles on the northerly exposures. Figure 1-2
Have shingles deteriorated to a point where they should be replaced?
Yes _____ No _____ Figure 1-3
How old are the roof shingles? _____ years old.




How many layers of shingles are there? _____ There shouldn't be more than two, although some communities allow three.
If the roof has been recently reshingled, is a guarantee/warranty available?
Wood shingles, shakes

Look for rotting _____, loose _____, cracked _____, chipped _____, or missing _____ sections. Any noted? Yes _____ No _____ If any are noted,repair or replacement is needed.
Pay particular attention to the slopes with heavy shade.
Is there a buildup of moss? Yes _____ No _____ If so, it should be removed.
Moss functions like a wick; the root system provides a direct path for water entry.
Slate, asbestos-cement, clay tiles

Look for missing _____, cracked _____,chipped _____, flaking _____, or loose _____ sections. If any are noted, repair or replacement is needed.
Are any of the slate shingles ribbon slate? Figure 1-4 Yes _____ No_____
Ribbon slate is an inferior-quality roof shingle.


Are sections patched with asphalt cement? Yes _____ No _____ If so, anticipate future repairs.
Are the valley joints filled with asphalt cement? Figure 1-5
Yes _____ No _____ This is an indication of a problem condition.
Are there snow guards along the edge of the roof to keep the snow from sliding off? Yes _____ No _____ Figure 1-6
FLAT ROOFS
Is safe access available? Yes _____ No _____
Are there any cracked _____, blistered _____, eroded _____, split _____, punctured, or torn sections? Yes _____ No _____ If so, repair is needed.
Look for open joints and seams. Figure 1-7 Any noted? Yes _____ No _____
If any, they should be sealed. Open joints and seams are a cause of roof leakage.
Look for areas of ponding water or low points where water will accumulate.
Is the drainage system functional? Yes _____ No _____
Is the area below the roof deck adequately ventilated? Yes _____ No _____


Built-up roofs (BURs)

Are there areas with missing aggregate? If so, replacement of aggregate is needed.
Look for patched areas _____, surface erosion _____, and alligatoring _____. Figure 1-8
Look for wrinkled sections and blisters in the membrane.
Look for open joints and seams. Any noted? Yes _____ No _____ If any, they should be sealed. Open joints and seams are a cause of roof leakage.




During the interior inspection, check the ceilings of the upper level rooms for water stains.
Roll roofing (tar paper)

Are there drying, eroding, or blistered sections? These are indications of aging.
Figure 1-9
Look for open joints and seams. Any noted? Yes _____ No _____ If any, they should be sealed. Open joints and seams are a cause of roof leakage.

Find out if the house that you plan on buying has a leaky basement, termite infestation, faulty wiring, or more.

Find the hidden problems before they become your problems, with this easy-to-carry field guide

Get expert guidance on:

  • Roofs
  • Walls
  • Basements and crawl spaces
  • Heating systems
  • Water heaters
  • Air conditioners
  • And much more!
If you're in the process of buying a home, this is the one book you need to do it right - Home Inspection Checklists. Loaded with charts, checklists, worksheets, and photographs, this indispensable volume will help you fully evaluate a property both inside and out, discovering hidden problems before you make a commitment. Expertly organized by a renowned engineer and nationally known authority on home inspection, this unique workbook takes you step by-step through the complete home inspection process. You get:

  • An easy-to-use, checklist approach to home inspection
  • Scores of informative illustrations
  • Useful worksheets covering every conceivable problem area
  • Lists for evaluating three separate properties
  • And much, much more!

Plus, Home Inspection Checklists is simple enough for the layperson, yet detailed enough to serve as a valuable addition to a professional inspector's reference library. When it comes time for you to look at homes, make sure this book travels with you!