National Electrical Code 2005

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The 2005 edition of the National Electrical Code incorporates some of the most sweeping changes ever to make the electrical code more functional and user-friendly.Contains all the latest electrical technologies, and enhanced safety standards for electrical work.



Weight 3.0400
ISBN 0-87765-623-1
Page Count 792
Publisher NFPA
Dimensions 8-1/2 x 11

The 2005 edition of the National Electrical Code incorporates some of the most sweeping changes ever to make the electrical code more functional and user-friendly. Complete with many significant and widespread changes, the 2005 NEC contains all the latest electrical technologies, and enhanced safety standards for electrical work.

The entire electrical industry relies on the NEC for the most up-to-date information, and electrical professionals are expected to know it well, even if it has not yet been adopted by their local or state jurisdictions.

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Contents

80- Administration and Enforcement, 70-23

Chapter 1 General

100- Definitions, 70-33

I. General, 70-33
II. Over 600 Volts, Nominal, 70-39

110- Requirements for Electrical Installations, 70-40

I. General, 70-40
II. 600 Volts, Nominal, or Less, 70-43
III. Over 600 Volts, Nominal, 70-45
IV. Tunnel Installations over 600 Volts, Nominal, 70-47

Chapter 2 Wiring and Protection

200- Use and Identification of Grounded Conductors, 70-49

210- Branch Circuits, 70-51

I. General Provisions, 70-51
II. Branch-Circuit Ratings, 70-54
III. Required Outlets, 70-57

215- Feeders, 70-60

220- Branch-Circuit. Feeder, and Service Calculations, 70-61

I. General, 70-61
II. Feeders and Services, 70-63
III. Optional Calculations for Computing Feeder and Service Loads, 70-66
IV. Method for Computing Farm Loads, 70-69

225- Outside Branch Circuits and Feeders, 70-69

I. General, 70-70
II. More Than One Building or Other Structure, 70-72
III. Over 600 Volts, 70-74

230- Services, 70-75

I. General, 70-75
II. Overhead Service-Drop Conductors, 70-77
III. Underground Service-Lateral Conductors, 70-78
IV. Service-Entrance Conductors, 70-78
V. Service Equipment – General, 70-81
VI. Service Equipment - Disconnecting,-Means, 70-81
VII. Service Equipment – Overcurrent Protection, 7070-82
VIII. Services Exceeding 600 Volts, Nominal, 70-84

240- Overcurrent Protection, 70-85

I. General, 70-85
II. Location, 70-88
III. Enclosures, 70-91
IV. Disconnecting and Guarding, 70-92
V. Plug Fuses, Fuseholders and Adapters, 70-92
VI. Cartridge Fuses and Fuseholders, 70-93
VII. Circuit Breakers, 70-93
VIII. Supervised Industrial Installations, 70-94
IX. Overcurrent Protection Over 600 Volts, Nominal, 70-95

250- Grounding, 70-95

I. General, 70-95
II. Circuit and System Grounding, 70-98
III. Grounding Electrode System and Grounding Electrode Conductor, 70-104
IV. Enclosure, Raceway, and Service Cable Grounding, 70-108
V. Bonding, 70-108
VI. Equipment Grounding and Equipment Grounding Conductors, 70-111
VII. Methods of Equipment Grounding, 70115
VIII. Direct-Current Systems, 70-117
IX. Instruments. Meters, and Relays, 70-118
X. Grounding of Systems and Circuits of I kV and Over (High Voltage), 70-119

280- Surge Arresters, 70-120

I. General, 70-120
II. Installation, 70-121
III. Connecting- Surge Arresters, 70-121

285- Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors: TVSS's, 70-122

I. General, 70-122
II. Installation, 70-122
III. Connecting Transient Voltage Surge Suppressors, 70122

Chapter 3 Wiring Methods and Materials

300- Wiring- Methods, 70-123

I. General Requirements, 70-123
II. Requirements for Over 600 Volts, Nominal, 70-132

310- Conductors for General Wiring, 70-133

312- Cabinets, Cutout Boxes, and Meter Socket Enclosures, 70-161

I. Installation, 70-161
II. Construction Specifications, 70-162

314- Outlet, Device, Pull, and Junction Boxes; Conduit Bodies: Fittings and Manholes, 70-164

I. Scope and General, 70-164
II. Installation, 70-165
III. Construction Specifications, 70-170
IV. Manholes and Other Electric Enclosures Intended for Personal Entry, 70-171

** The table of contents continues. This is only a small portion.

NFPA 70

National Electrical Code

2005 Edition

IMPORTANT NOTE: This NFPA document is made available for use subject to important notices and legal disclaimers. These notices and disclaimers appear in all publications containing this document and may be found under the heading "Important Notices and Disclaimers Concerning the NFPA Documents." They can be obtained on request from NFPA or viewed at http://www.nfpa.org/disclaimers.

ARTICLE 90
Introduction

90.1 Purpose.

(A) Practical Safeguarding. The purpose of this Code is the practical safeguarding of persons and property from hazards arising from the use of electricity.

(B) Adequacy. This Code contains provisions that are considered necessary for safety. Compliance therewith and proper maintenance will result in an installation that is essentially free from hazard but not necessarily efficient, convenient, or adequate for good service or future expansion of electrical use.

FPN: Hazards often occur because of overloading of wiring systems by methods or usage not in conformity with this Code. This occurs because initial wiring did not pro- vide for increases in the use of electricity. An initial adequate installation and reasonable provisions for system changes will provide for future increases in the use of electricity.

(C) Intention. This Code is not intended as a design specification or an instruction manual for untrained persons.

(D) Relation to International Standards. The requirements in this Code address the fundamental principles of protection for safety contained in Section 131 of International Electrotechnical Commission Standard 60364-1, Electrical Installations of Buildings.

FPN: IEC 60364-1, Section 131, contains fundamental principles of protection for safety that encompass protection against electric shock, protection against thermal effects, protection against overcurrent, protection against fault currents, and protection against overvoltage. All of these potential hazards are addressed by the requirements in this Code.

90.2 Scope.

(A) Covered. This Code covers the installation of electric conductors, electric equipment, signaling and communications conductors and equipment, and fiber optic cables and raceways for the following:

(1) Public and private premises, including buildings, structures, mobile homes, recreational vehicles, and floating buildings

(2) Yards, lots, parking lots, carnivals, and industrial sub- stations

FPN: For additional information concerning such installations in an industrial or multibuilding complex, see ANSI C2-2002, National Electrical Safety)- Code.

(3) Installations of conductors and equipment that connect to the supply of electricity

(4) Installations used by the electric utility, such as office buildings, warehouses, garages, machine shops, and recreational buildings, that are not an integral part of a generating plant, substation, or control center

(B) Not Covered. This Code does not cover the following:

(1) Installations in ships, watercraft other than floating buildings, railway rolling stock, aircraft, or automotive vehicles other than mobile homes and recreational vehicles

FPN: Although the scope of this Code indicates that the Code does not cover installations in ships, portions of this Code are incorporated by reference into Title 46, Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 110-113.

(2) Installations under ground in mines and self-propelled mobile surface raining machinery and its attendant electrical trailing cable

(3) Installations of railways for generation, transformation, transmission, or distribution of power used exclusively for operation of rolling stock or installations used exclusively for signaling and communications purposes

(4) Installations of communications equipment under the exclusive control of communications utilities located outdoors or in building spaces used exclusively for such installations

(5) Installations under the exclusive control of an electric utility where such installations

  1. Consist of service drops or service laterals, and associated metering, or

  2. Are located in legally established easements, rights-of-way, or by other agreements either designated by or recognized by public service commissions, utility commissions, or other regulatory agencies having jurisdiction for such installations, or

  3. Are on property owned or leased by the electric utility for the purpose of communications, metering, generation, control, transformation, transmission, or distribution of electric energy.

(C) Special Permission. The authority having jurisdiction for enforcing this Code may grant exception for the installation of conductors and equipment that are not under the exclusive control of the electric utilities and are used to connect the electric utility supply system to the service- entrance conductors of the premises served, provided such installations are outside a building or terminate immediately inside a building wall.

90.3 Code Arrangement. This Code is divided into the introduction and nine chapters, as shown in Figure 90.3. Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4 apply generally; Chapters 5, 6 and 7 apply to special occupancies, special equipment, or other special conditions. These latter chapters supplement or modify the general rules. Chapters I through 4 apply except as amended by Chapters 5. 6, and 7 for the particular conditions.

Chapter 8 covers communications systems and is not subject to the requirements of Chapters I through 7 except where the requirements are specifically referenced in Chapter 8.

Chapter 9 consists of tables.

Annexes are not part of the requirements of this Code but are included for informational purposes only.

90.4 Enforcement. This Code is intended to be suitable for mandatory application by governmental bodies that exercise legal jurisdiction over electrical installations, including signaling and communications systems, and for use by insurance inspectors. The authority having jurisdiction for enforcement of the Code has the responsibility for making interpretations of the rules, for deciding on the approval of equipment and materials, and for granting the special per- mission contemplated in a number of the rules.

By special permission, the authority having jurisdiction may waive specific requirements in this Code or permit alternative methods where it is assured that equivalent objectives can be achieved by establishing and maintaining effective safety.

This Code may require new products, constructions, or materials that may not yet be available at the time the Code is adopted. In such event, the authority having jurisdiction may permit the use of the products, constructions, or materials that comply with the most recent previous edition of this Code adopted by the jurisdiction.

90.5 Mandatory Rules, Permissive Rules, and Explanatory Material.

(A) Mandatory Rules. Mandatory rules of this Code are those that identify actions that are specifically required or prohibited and are characterized by the use of the terms shall or shall not.

(B) Permissive Rules. Permissive rules of this Code are those that identify actions that are allowed but not required, are normally used to describe options or alternative methods, and are characterized by the use of the terms shall be permitted or shall not be required.

(C) Explanatory Material. Explanatory material, such as references to other standards, references to related sections of this Code, or information related to a Code rule, is included in this Code in the form of fine print notes (FPNs). Fine print notes are informational only and are not enforce- able as requirements of this Code.

Brackets containing section references to other standards, references to another NFPA document are for informational purposes only and are provided as a guide to indicate the source of the extracted text. These bracketed references immediately follow the extracted text.

FPN: The format and language used in this Code follows guidelines established by NFPA and published in the NEC Style Manual. Copies of this manual can be obtained from NFPA.

90.6 Formal Interpretations. To promote uniformity of interpretation and application of the provisions of this Code, formal interpretation procedures have been established and are found in the NFPA Regulations Governing Committee Projects.

90.7 Examination of Equipment for Safety. For specific items of equipment and materials referred to in this Code, examinations for safety made under standard conditions provide a basis for approval where the record is made generally available through promulgation by organizations properly equipped and qualified for experimental testing, inspections of the run of goods at factories, and service- value determination through field inspections. This avoids the necessity for repetition of examinations by different examiners, frequently with inadequate facilities for such work, and the confusion that would result from conflicting reports on the suitability of devices and materials examined for a given purpose.

It is the intent of this Code that factory-installed internal wiring or the construction of equipment need not be inspected at the time of installation of the equipment, except to detect alterations or damage, if the equipment has been listed by a qualified electrical testing laboratory that is recognized as having the facilities described in the preceding paragraph and that requires suitability for installation in accordance with this Code.

FPN No. 1: See requirements in 110.3.

FPN No. 2: Listed is defined in Article 100.

FPN No. 3: Annex A contains an informative list of product safety standards for electrical equipment.

90.8 Wiring Planning.

(A) Future Expansion and Convenience. Plans and specifications that provide ample space in raceways, spare raceways, and additional spaces allow for future increases in the use of electricity. Distribution centers located in readily accessible locations provide convenience and safety of operation.

(B) Number of Circuits in Enclosures. It is elsewhere provided in this Code that the number of wires and circuits confined in a single enclosure be varyingly restricted. Limiting the number of circuits in a single enclosure minimizes the effects from a short circuit or ground fault in one circuit.

90.9 Units of Measurement.

(A) Measurement System of Preference. For the purpose of this Code, metric units of measurement are in accordance with the modernized metric system known as the International System of Units (SI).

(B) Dual System of Units. The SI units shall appear first, and the inch-pound units shall immediately follow in parentheses. The conversion from the inch-pound units to SI units shall be based on hard conversion except as provided in 90.9(C).

(C) Permitted Uses of Soft Conversion. The cases given in 90.9(C)(1) through (4) shall not be required to use hard conversion and shall be permitted to use soft conversion.

(1) Trade Sizes. Where the actual measured size of a product is not the same as the nominal size, trade size designators shall be used rather than dimensions. Trade practices shall be followed in all cases.

(2) Extracted Material. Where material is extracted from another standard, the context of the original material shall not be compromised or violated. Any editing of the extracted text shall be confined to making the style consistent with that of the NEC.

(3) Industry Practice. Where industry practice is to express units in inch-pound units, the inclusion of SI units shall not be required.

(4) Safety. Where a negative impact on safety would result, hard conversion shall not be required.

(D) Compliance. The conversion from inch-pound units to SI units shall be permitted to be an approximate conversion. Compliance with the numbers shown in either the SI system or the inch-pound system shall constitute compliance with this Code.

FPN No. 1: Hard conversion is considered a change in dimensions or properties of an item into new sizes that might or n-fight not be interchangeable with the sizes used in the original measurement. Soft conversion is considered a direct mathematical conversion and involves a change in the description of an existing measurement but not in the actual dimension.

FPN No. 2: SI conversions are based on IF-EE/ASTM SI 10-1997, Standard for the Use of the International System of Units (SI): The Modern metric System.

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2005 National Electrical Code Handbook
Make sure you have the knowledge that customers expect and projects demand!

As an electrical professional, you need the clearest view of rules governing your industry. It's part of your job to understand what the new edition of the National Electrical Code requires--well before your jurisdiction adopts it. To keep jobs on track and clients informed, you must be aware of new technologies, changing techniques, and the latest safety practices. You'll find it all in the NEC Handbook... and it's the only user's guide that combines the complete 2005 NEC text with explanations from the Code's developer.

Every chapter, article, table, and appendix in the 2005 NEC is also in the Handbook. It's packed with up-to-date color-coded commentary reflecting Code changes, plus all-new full--color graphics to help you visualize requirements for clear working space, grounding, wiring methods, and more. Order your copy today.

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