The official codebook you'll need for constant reference during 1998. Here you'll find the safety and structural provisions you need to pass inspection and build to code. Hundreds of charts, tables, and equations help you see what the code requires. Published by the International Conference of Building Officials, this is the code adopted by most western states.
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Table of Contents—Volume 1
Administrative, Fire- and Life-Safety, and Field Inspection Provisions
Effective Use of the Uniform Building Code 1-xvii
Sample Ordinance for Adoption of the Uniform Building Code, Volumes 1, 2 and 3 1-xix
Chapter 1 Administration 1-1
- Section 101 Title, Purpose and Scope 1-1
- Section 102 Unsafe Buildings or Structures 1-1
- Section 103 Violations 1-1
- Section 104 Organization and Enforcement 1-1
- Section 105 Board of Appeals 1-2
- Section 106 Permits 1-2
- Section 107 Fees 1-4
- Section 108 Inspections 1-5
- Section 109 Certificate of Occupancy 1-6
Chapter 2 Definitions and Abbreviations 1-7
Chapter 3 Use or Occupancy
- Section 301 Occupancy Classified 1-13
- Section 302 Mixed Use or Occupancy 1-13
- Section 303 Requirements for Group A Occupancies 1-14
- Section 304 Requirements for Group B Occupancies 1-15
- Section 305 Requirements for Group E Occupancies 1-16
- Section 306 Requirements for Group F Occupancies 1-18
- Section 307 Requirements for Group H Occupancies 1-19
- Section 308 Requirements for Group I Occupancies 1-24
- Section 309 Requirements for Group M Occupancies 1-26
- Section 310 Requirements for Group R Occupancies 1-26
- Section 311 Requirements for Group S Occupancies 1-28
- Section 312 Requirements for Group U Occupancies 1-31
Chapter 4 Special Use and Occupancy 1-41
- Section 401 Scope 1-41
- Section 402 Atria 1-41
- Section 403 Special Provisions for Group B Office Buildings and Group R, Division 1 Occupancies 1-41
- Section 404 Covered Mall Buildings 1-43
- Section 405 Stages and Platforms 1-46
- Section 406 Motion Picture Projection Rooms 1-47
- Section 407 Cellulose Nitrate Film 1-48
- Section 408 Amusement Buildings 1-48
- Section 409 Pedestrian Walkways 1-48
- Section 410 Medical Gas Systems in Groups B and Occupancies 1-49
- Section 411 Compressed Gases 1-49
- Section 412 Aviation Control Towers 1-49
- Section 413 Detention and Correction Facilities 1-49
- Section 414 Agricultural Buildings 1-49
- Section 415 Group R, Division 3 Occupancies 1-49
- Section 416 Group R, Division 4 Occupancies 1-49
- Section 417 Barriers for Swimming Pools 1-49
- Section 418 Reserved 1-49
Chapter 5 General Building Limitations 1-51
- Section 501 Scope 1-51
- Section 502 Premises Identification 1-51
- Section 503 Location on Property 1-51
- Section 504 Allowable Floor Areas 1-52
- Section 505 Allowable Area Increases 1-53
- Section 506 Maximum Height of Buildings and Increases 1-53
- Section 507 Mezzanines 1-53
- Section 508 Fire-resistive Substitution 1-54
- Section 509 Guardrails 1-54
Chapter 6 Types of Construction 1-61
- Section 601 Classification of All Buildings by Types of Construction and General Requirements 1-61
- Section 602 Type I Fire-resistive Buildings 1-62
- Section 603 Type II Buildings 1-63
- Section 604 Type III Buildings 1-63
- Section 605 Type IV Buildings 1-64
- Section 606 Type V Buildings 1-65
Chapter 7 Fire-resistant Materials and Construction 1-67
- Section 701 Scope 1-67
- Section 702 Definitions 1-67
- Section 703 Fire-resistive Materials and Systems 1-67
- Section 704 Protection of Structural Members 1-68
- Section 705 Projections 1-69
- Section 706 Fire-resistive Joint Systems 1-69
- Section 707 Insulation 1-69
- Section 708 Fire Blocks and Draft Stops 1-69
- Section 709 Walls and Partitions 1-70
- Section 710 Floor Ceilings or Roof Ceilings 1-72
- Section 711 Shaft Enclosures 1-72
- Section 712 Usable Space under Floors 1-73
- Section 713 Fire-resistive Assemblies for Protection of Openings 1-73
- Section 714 Through-Penetration Fire Stops 1-75
Chapter 8 Interior Finishes 1-91
- Section 801 General 1-91
- Section 802 Testing and Classification of Materials 1-91
- Section 803 Application of Controlled Interior Finish 1-91
- Section 804 Maximum Allowable Flame Spread 1-91
- Section 805 Textile Wall Coverings 1-91
- Section 806 Insulation 1-92
- Section 807 Sanitation 1-92
Chapter 9 Fire-protection Systems 1-93
- Section 901 Scope 1-93
- Section 902 Standards of Quality 1-93
- Section 903 Definitions 1-93
- Section 904 Fire-extinguishing Systems 1-94
- Section 905 Smoke Control 1-96
- Section 906 Smoke and Heat Venting 1-102
Administrative, Fire - and Life-Safety, and Field Inspection Provisions
The Uniform Building Code is dedicated to the development of better building construction and greater safety to the public by uniformity in building laws. The code is founded on broad-based principles that make possible the use of new materials and new construction systems.
The Uniform Building Code was first enacted by the International Conference of Building Officials at the Sixth Annual Business Meeting held in Phoenix, Arizona, October 18-21, 1927. Revised editions of this code have been published since that time at approximate three-year intervals. New editions incorporate changes approved since the last edition.
The Uniform Building Code is designed to be compatible with related publications to provide a complete set of documents for regulatory use. See the publications list following this preface for a listing of the complete family of Uniform Codes and related publications.
Code Changes. The ICBO code development process has been suspended by the Board of Directors and, because of this action, changes to the Uniform Building Code will not be processed. For more information, write to the International Conference of Building Officials, 5360 Workman Mill Road, Whittier, California 90601-2298. An analysis of changes between editions is published in the Analysis of Revisions to the Uniform Codes.
Marginal Markings. Solid vertical lines in the margins within the body of the code indicate a change from the requirements of the 1994 edition except where an entire chapter was revised, a new chapter was added or a change was minor. Where an entire chapter was revised or a new chapter was added, a notation appears at the beginning of that chapter. The letter F repeating in line vertically in the margin indicates that the provision is maintained under the code change procedures of the International Fire Code Institute. Deletion indicators are provided in the margin where a paragraph or item listing has been deleted if the deletion resulted in a change of requirements.
Three- Volume Set. Provisions of the Uniform Building Code have been divided into a three-volume set. Volume 1 accommodates administrative, fire- and life-safety, and field inspection provisions. Chapters 1 through 15 and Chapters 24 through 35 are printed in Volume 1 in their entirety. Any appendix chapters associated with these chapters are printed in their entirety at the end of Volume 1. Excerpts of certain chapters from Volume 2 are reprinted in Volume 1 to provide greater usability.
Volume 2 accommodates structural engineering design provisions, and specifically contains Chapters 16 through 23 printed in their entirety. Included in this volume are design standards that have been added to their respective chapters as divisions of the chapters. Any appendix chapters associated with these chapters are printed in their entirety at the end of Volume 2. Excerpts of certain chapters from Volume 1 are reprinted in Volume 2 to provide greater usability.
Volume 3 contains material, testing and installation standards.
Metrication. The Uniform Building Code was metricated in the 1994 edition. The metric conversions are provided in parenthesis following the English units. Where industry has made metric conversions available, the conversions conform to current industry standards.
Formulas are also provided with metric equivalents. Metric equivalent formulas immediately follow the English formula and are denoted by "For SI:" preceding the metric equivalent. Some formulas do not use dimensions and, thus, are not provided with a metric equivalent. Multiplying conversion factors have been provided for formulas where metric forms were unavailable. Tables are provided with multiplying conversion factors in subheadings for each tabulated unit of measurement.
Codes and Related Publications
The International Conference of Building Officials (lCBO) publishes a family of codes, each correlated with the Uniform Building Code ™ to provide jurisdictions with a complete set of building-related regulations for adoption. Some of these codes are published in affiliation with other organizations such as the International Fire Code Institute (lFCI) and the International Code Council (lCC). Reference materials and related codes also are available to improve knowledge of code enforcement and administration of building inspection programs. Publications and products are continually being added, so inquiries should be directed to Conference headquarters for a listing of available products. Many codes and references are also available on CD-ROM or floppy disk. These are denoted by (*). The following publications and products are available from ICBO:
*Uniform Building Code. Volumes 1, 2 and 3. The most widely adopted model building code in the United States, the performance-based Uniform Building Code is a proven document, meeting the needs of government units charged with the enforcement of building regulations. Volume 1 contains administrative, fire- and life-safety and field inspection provisions; Volume 2 contains structural engineering design provisions; and Volume 3 contains material, testing and installation standards.
*Uniform Mechanical Code. Provides a complete set of requirements for the design, construction, installation and maintenance of heating, ventilating, cooling and refrigeration systems; incinerators and other heat-producing appliances.
International Plumbing Code. Provides consistent and technically advanced requirements that can be used across the country to provide comprehensive regulations of modern plumbing systems. Setting minimum regulations for plumbing facilities in terms of performance objectives, the IPC provides for the acceptance of new and innovative products, materials and systems.
International Private Sewage Disposal Code. Provides flexibility in the development of safety and sanitary individual sewage disposal systems and includes detailed provisions for all aspects of design, installation and inspection of private sewage disposal systems.
International Mechanical Code. Establishes minimum regulations for mechanical systems using prescriptive and performance-related provisions. It is founded on broad-based principles that make possible the use of new materials and new mechanical designs.
Uniform Zoning Code. This code is dedicated to intelligent community development and to the benefit of the public welfare by providing a means of promoting uniformity in zoning laws and enforcement.
*Uniform Fire Code. Volumes 1 and 2. The premier model fire code in the United States, the Uniform Fire Code sets forth provisions necessary for fire prevention and fire protection. Published by the International Fire Code Institute, the Uniform Fire Code is endorsed by the Western Fire Chiefs Association, the International Association of Fire Chiefs and ICBO. Volume 1 contains code provisions compatible with the Uniform Building Code, and Volume 2 contains standards referenced from the code provisions.
*Urban-Wildland Interface Code. Promulgated by IFCI, this code regulates both land use and the built environment in designated urban-wildland interface areas. This newly developed code is the only model code that bases construction requirements on the fire-hazard severity exposed to the structure. Developed under a grant from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, this code is the direct result of hazard mitigation meetings held after devastating wildfires.
Uniform Housing Code. Provides complete requirements affecting conservation and rehabilitation of housing. Its regulations are compatible with the Uniform Building Code.
Uniform Code for the Abatement of Dangerous Buildings. A code compatible with the Uniform Building Code and the Uniform Housing Code which provides equitable remedies consistent with other laws for the repair, vacation or demolition of dangerous buildings.
Uniform Sign Code. Dedicated to the development of better sign regulation, its requirements pertain to all signs and sign construction attached to buildings.
Uniform Administrative Code. This code covers administrative areas in connection with adoption of the Uniform Building Code, Uniform Mechanical Code and related codes. It contains provisions which relate to site preparation, construction, alteration, moving, repair and use and occupancies of buildings or structures and building service equipment, including plumbing, electrical and mechanical regulations. The code is compatible with the administrative provisions of all codes published by the Conference.
Uniform Building Security Code. This code establishes minimum standards to make dwelling units resistant to unlawful entry. It regulates swinging doors, sliding doors, windows and hardware in connection with dwelling units of apartment house or one- and two-family dwellings. The code gives consideration to the concerns of police, fire and building officials in establishing requirements for resistance to burglary which are compatible with fire and life safety.
Uniform Code for Building Conservation. A building conservation guideline presented in code format which will provide a community with the means to preserve its existing building while achieving appropriate levels of safety. It is formatted in the same manner as the Uniform Building Code, is compatible with other Uniform Codes, and may be adopted as a code or used as a guideline.
Dwelling Construction under the Uniform Mechanical Code This publication is for the convenience of the homeowner or contractor interested in installing mechanical equipment in a one- or two-family dwelling in conformance with the Uniform Mechanical Code.
Supplements to UBC and related codes. Published in the years between editions, the Supplements contain all approved changes, plus an analysis of those changes.
Uniform Building Code-1927 Edition. A special 60th anniversary printing of the first published Uniform Building Code.
One and Two Family Dwelling Code. Promulgated by ICC, this code eliminates conflicts and duplications among the model codes to achieve national uniformity. Covers mechanical and plumbing requirements as well as construction and occupancy.
Application and Commentary on the One and Two Family Dwelling Code. An interpretative commentary on the One and Two Family Dwelling Code intended to enhance uniformity of interpretation and application of the code nationwide. Developed by the three model code organizations, this document includes numerous illustrations of code requirements and the rationale for individual provisions.
Model Energy Code. This code includes minimum requirements for effective use of energy in the design of new buildings and structures and additions to existing buildings. It is based on American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Engineers Standard 90A-1980 and was originally developed jointly by ICBO, BOCA, SBCCI and the National Conference of States on Building Codes and Standards under a contract funded by the United States Department of Energy. The code is now maintained by ICC and is adopted by reference in the Uniform Building Code.
National Electrical Code. The electrical code used throughout the United States. Published by the National Fire Protection Association, it is an indispensable aid to every electrician, contractor, architect, builder, inspector and anyone who must specify or certify electrical installations.